A Comprehensive Guide On Diamonds


Diamonds are women’s best friend. Engagement or wedding rings in diamond are unique. It is considered to be the symbol of love. It has been practice for ages to exchange diamonds during the wedding ceremony. Men have for centuries gifted the women of their love diamonds. These are not just precious gems but have a history behind them. The word diamond is derived from the Greek word “Adamas” that means unconquerable. Natural diamonds are created at very high pressure and temperature deep down the earth’s mantle at 140 to 190 km.

Southern and Central Africa are the treasure house of diamonds. Around 130 million carats are mined in this region. It is approximately 49 percent. It is also found in Arkansas, Colorado, Montana and Wyoming in the US region. Though, it is not typically mined here. The commercial market is filled with colored diamonds and it is trending these days. Globally fancy diamonds are on the rise. It is considered to be antique and has a particular value attached to it. Colored diamonds are valuable and are deemed to be a sound investment option. Diamonds are the most relevant gift items as well.

Colored diamonds occur in natural form or can be created in the laboratory. These diamonds are large and come in vivid colors that are attractive and expensive. Naturally occurring colored diamonds are expensive and worth a fortune at times depending upon the size. Some of the most natural colors of pink, green, blue and red are the most expensive and occur very rarely. As listed by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) there are 27 different shades of natural colored diamonds. These are unique and rare. It is estimated that red diamond is the rarest and occurs one in a million.

It is not easy to find a colored diamond. It has to be hunting for and occurs after voyaging hundreds of kilometers under the surface of the earth. One carat of diamond needs some billions of carbon atoms. When there is a slight quirk colored diamonds are created. Boron can give a blue tinge, nitrogen can make the diamond yellow, when natural radiations are trapped in the electrons green color is formed and when the electron structure changes pink or red colors are created. Now artificially colored diamonds are produced in the laboratory using various technologies. Though, nature cannot be imitated. These artificial diamonds are cheaper when compared to their first cousins.

The GIA devised a universal grading system in the 1940s that are called the 4Cs. The 4C examines the carat, color, and purity of the white diamond. When it comes to colored diamonds, this rating becomes difficult. In the year 1995, the GIA devised a system to measure tone, hue, distribution and saturation of the colors. It is made it easier to identify the genuine color diamonds with the manmade ones. The history is filled with stories of colored diamonds and their fortune.

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Tips on Cleaning and Caring for Antique Jewelry

Tips on Cleaning and Caring for Antique Jewelry

If you own a precious item, you will know how important it is to clean and maintain the same. If you do not know the same, then it means that you do not know the value of the item and how it can be affected. Jewelry is owned by almost everyone, and careful cleaning and caring are important to ensure the jewelry is kept at its best to get the maximum amount possible while selling it. If you are wondering how to clean jewelry, this content will give you an insight into the same.

Gold Jewelry: Pure gold jewelry is the most susceptible one to abrasive materials and scratches. So, it is important to keep such jewelry away from such items that can cause marks. While cleaning the gold jewelry, you need to use warm water along with soap in it. Using detergents and other cleaning products can cause damage to the gold jewelry that is made of 18 karat gold or higher. The lower karat gold jewelry items will be damaged with the use of strong cleaning solutions. You can use an old toothbrush to clean the stones and places that are hard to reach. T add shine to the lower karat gold jewelry items, you can use a rough-impregnated cloth.

Silver: Silver jewelry can be cleaned only after a long time period. The jewel should be wrapped tightly in an acid-free pack that is dry. There are solutions that can handle the lightly tarnished silver jewels, but a soft cloth should be sufficient for the purpose. In case, there is heavy tarnishing on the jewel, you can use the professional products that are available in the market.

Diamonds and Precious Gemstones: If you want to clean jewelry that has diamonds or precious gemstones, ensure that the stone is mounted safely so that there is no risk or the stones popping out. Make sure the stone does not move by touching it gently with your fingernail. Wash the jewel in a bowl and not in a sink so that you do not have to face the risk of losing any of the stones. You can use soapy water that is the best solution to clean the jewelry with diamonds and gemstones as it can remove the grime, dirt, and dead skin. You can also use a small brush like an artist’s brush so that the liquid reaches the stone’s enclosure. Make sure you do not scratch the stones as they are vulnerable to scratches easily.

Pearls: Pearls can be cleaned on a daily basis with a soft and damp cloth to keep them shiny and retain the color. Avoid using perfume, hairspray, and deodorant as pearls can get damaged easily by such toiletries.

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