Diamonds are women’s best friend. Engagement or wedding rings in diamond are unique. It is considered to be the symbol of love. It has been practice for ages to exchange diamonds during the wedding ceremony. Men have for centuries gifted the women of their love diamonds. These are not just precious gems but have a history behind them. The word diamond is derived from the Greek word “Adamas” that means unconquerable. Natural diamonds are created at very high pressure and temperature deep down the earth’s mantle at 140 to 190 km.
Southern and Central Africa are the treasure house of diamonds. Around 130 million carats are mined in this region. It is approximately 49 percent. It is also found in Arkansas, Colorado, Montana and Wyoming in the US region. Though, it is not typically mined here. The commercial market is filled with colored diamonds and it is trending these days. Globally fancy diamonds are on the rise. It is considered to be antique and has a particular value attached to it. Colored diamonds are valuable and are deemed to be a sound investment option. Diamonds are the most relevant gift items as well.
Colored diamonds occur in natural form or can be created in the laboratory. These diamonds are large and come in vivid colors that are attractive and expensive. Naturally occurring colored diamonds are expensive and worth a fortune at times depending upon the size. Some of the most natural colors of pink, green, blue and red are the most expensive and occur very rarely. As listed by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) there are 27 different shades of natural colored diamonds. These are unique and rare. It is estimated that red diamond is the rarest and occurs one in a million.
It is not easy to find a colored diamond. It has to be hunting for and occurs after voyaging hundreds of kilometers under the surface of the earth. One carat of diamond needs some billions of carbon atoms. When there is a slight quirk colored diamonds are created. Boron can give a blue tinge, nitrogen can make the diamond yellow, when natural radiations are trapped in the electrons green color is formed and when the electron structure changes pink or red colors are created. Now artificially colored diamonds are produced in the laboratory using various technologies. Though, nature cannot be imitated. These artificial diamonds are cheaper when compared to their first cousins.
The GIA devised a universal grading system in the 1940s that are called the 4Cs. The 4C examines the carat, color, and purity of the white diamond. When it comes to colored diamonds, this rating becomes difficult. In the year 1995, the GIA devised a system to measure tone, hue, distribution and saturation of the colors. It is made it easier to identify the genuine color diamonds with the manmade ones. The history is filled with stories of colored diamonds and their fortune.
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